Lancs Roman Roads

The Roman Road from Wilderspool (Warrington) to Wigan

Margary Number: 70b

Distance: 13.5 miles

Before 1974, both Wigan and Warrington resided in Lancashire so for completeness this road has been included under Lancashire. Without wishing to offend anyone their current counties are Greater Manchester and Cheshire respectively.

The course of the road has been well recorded over the years and the only stretch debated is that across Warrington. This map shows the more logical route at Warrington but as we shall see later there is an alternative.

 

 

Historic County: Lancashire

Current Counties: Greater Manchester & Cheshire

HER: Greater Manchester & Cheshire

 

routemap
Click for full size map

map


Warrington Roman Road - Modern Map

The main Roman settlement was located south of the river in Wilderspool. The Wilderspool site has never been identified as a fort but appears to have at least been a supply base or workshops on the south bank of the then river location. However, in 2000 some Roman finds were located west of Bridge Street north of the river and this could indicate some kind of Roman occupation most logically alongside a road there.

There are two options for the road north of Wilderspool. Dunlop and Fairclough (1930s) proposed a line branching off the modern A49 (coming from Wigan) and heading for Howley Key on the River Mersey. As can be seen this is a very circuitous route and does not fit with the direction of King Street coming in from the south (Middlewich). The second option extends the line of King Street northwards and joins up with the modern road at Bridge Street, where those Roman remains were found. On balance the King Street-Bridge Street route looks much more likely. There could, of course, been both routes.

 

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warrington map

 

Warrington Roman Road - OS First Edition Map

There is some evidence on the west side of Winwick Road heading north out of Warrington of perhaps the original road line. Field boundaries run parallel to the modern A49 just to the west of it. These are a likely clue to the original ancient road line and probably derive from the Roman road. This would lend some support to the Bridge Street route to Wilderspool rather than the Dunlop and Fairclough route.

 

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first edition map

Warrington to Wigan - Detailed Route Map

The three boxed areas highlighted are where Lidar indicates there is surviving evidence for the Roman road agger. Each one is detailed later.

 

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detailed map

Lidar - south of Vulcan Village

The first edition OS maps marked the line of the road straight here - between the two white lines. There is some evidence supporting their line.

However, the latest OS maps now no longer show this line and have adopted the Dunlop & Fairclough dog-leg here - see next image.

 

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vulcan-lidar

Dunlop & Fairclough Map and Lidar - south of Vulcan Village

Dunlop & Fairclough reported that the road changed direction here but as can be seen on the Lidar image (right of map) there is nothing visible now supporting this in the Lidar data. It seems a strange position to change direction and doesn't shorten the distance to where the two options rejoin further south.

Clearly more research would be beneficial here.

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df-map

Lidar - Haydock Park, south of East Lancs Road

Just north of Newton-le-Willows in the first field beyond the housing are the clear signs of the road agger. It looks from the Lidar data to be in excellent condition - perhaps the best stretch of this road remaining.

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haydock-lidar

Lidar - south of Land Gate

This is where the road merges in with the A49, south of the M6 link road, for the final run to Wigan. This area is scheduled for housing (personal comment Bill Aldridge Wigan AS) so it too will disappear soon. Wigan AS are to take part in a watching brief so it should be well recorded.

 

 

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landgate-lidar

Roman Road Map - Wigan

The arrangement at Wigan seems to typical Roman engineering i.e. there is a common alignment south and north of Wigan with Wigan reached by branch roads. There does not appear to be any evidence for the alignment west of Wigan having a road built upon it. This is similar to Ribchester and the arrangement of the main north-south road there.

The final turn for Wigan is recorded to have been just south of the modern railway bridge with the Roman line then heading for Wallgate and the fort site.

 

 

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wigan map

Contour Map - Wigan Fort

The Roman site at Wigan is now thought to have been a fort (ref: Miller & Aldridge). It was located somewhere near the top of the hill in central Wigan. Barrack blocks (inside the fort) and a bath house (outside the fort) have been found in excavations and go some way to positioning the fort approximately. What is shown is therefore one of the possible solutions but it does fit the contour map logically. Note the contour map is compromised by the two shopping centres in Wigan - the two blank patches.

 

 

 

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wigan contours

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Last update: January 2018

© David Ratledge